The nature of God

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Is God a spirit? God, Adam, angels Proof of God Heresies Worship

God, Adam, and Angels

Brigham Young was a true prophet.


Years ago, I read some things that Brigham Young said about Adam and God. (Brigham was the prophet after Joseph Smith, and died in 1877.) I thought he was saying that Adam was God! So I just assumed that Brigham had made a mistake.

But recently I have read his statements again, in more depth. I see now that I did not understand them before. What he actually said is powerful evidence that he was indeed a true prophet:

1. He taught ideas that were revolutionary
They were so bold and strong that they shocked some people. They did not fit with conventional ideas.

2. They were beyond people's understanding.
So, people got confused. In particular, Brigham did not teach us to worship Adam. Also, he did not declare any revelation that Adam was the father of our spirits. But because people so easily get confused, modern prophets since then have wisely stayed with simpler issues.

3. Yet they agree with the Bible!
As this page will show.


This is not an "official" explanation

This page is just my understanding. Since recent prophets have said little on the subject, there is no "official" position on all the details. However, it is (I believe) in harmony with president Joseph Fielding Smith's comments on the matter.

I had intended to base this page on the "two Adams" theory (see below). But after reading the original sources, I have come to the conclusion that Joseph Fielding Smith's view is correct: Brigham has been misunderstood. See

Background Information

Two other approaches to Brigham's teachings

When I began this web page, I favored the popular "two Adams" theory. That theory is based on Gnostic texts about there being two "Adams" in the garden of Eden (one divine, one mortal). This theory assumes that Brigham just did not make that detail clear. A slightly different theory is described in the website "All About Mormons" and suggests that "Adam" was simply another title for God. I think there are strengths in both ideas, but after reading more of the source material I disagree. I think that Brigham Young has been badly misunderstood.

While researching that page, I read as many of the original quotations as possible. In doing so, I changed my mind. Brigham was in tune with current understanding (with the possible exception of a single quotation that was presented as speculation and not revelation.) Brigham has been badly misunderstood. Brigham simply taught ideas that are rooted in the Bible!

The key

The key to understanding this is to look at what the Bible really says, and not what we think it should say.

For example, some very important names that we use for individuals are actually titles that can apply to more than one person:

Brigham's Biblical Beliefs

Before looking at Brigham's controversial statements, it is worth looking at what the Bible says. All of Brigham Young's more surprising teachings are in harmony with these truths. For convenience, I will refer to the God of Jesus Christ as The Almighty. In LDS culture, he is referred to as Elohim, but it would be disrespectful to use his sacred name more often than is needed.

1. Jesus Christ is one with the Almighty.

See John chapter 17 (next point)

2. We can become one with the Almighty.

The purpose of life is to become perfect like Jesus, to become one with him in the same way that he is one with God, and to sit on a throne with him.

Matthew 5:48 "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect."

John 17:5,20-23 "And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. ... Neither pray I for these [the apostles] alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me."

Revelation 3:21 "To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne."

3. The Almighty represents the council of Gods spoken of in Genesis.

Chapter 1:1 "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."

The word translated here as "God" is, according to Strong's Hebrew lexicon:

"430 'elohiym {el-o-heem'}plural of 433 [433 is Elohim, meaning 'God'];
1a) rulers, judges
1b) divine ones
1c) angels
1d) gods"

4. Anyone with the Almighty's authority can be called a "god."

Angels are called gods (see below)

Moses was a god to Pharaoh. Exodus 7:1 "And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet."

Those who received the word of god, and those who do God's works, are called gods.

John 10:34-38 "Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God? If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. 38 But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him."

Those who overcome the world are given the name of god.

Revelation 3:12 "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God.... and I will write upon him my new name."

5. The Almighty is the father of Jesus

John 1:14 "And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth."

6. The Almighty created (is the father of) Adam.

Luke 3:38 [the end of the genealogy of Jesus] "...Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God."

Note that the Almighty delegated the act of creation to Jesus, just as he delegates judgment. He delegates to Jesus, and Jesus delegates to angels and then to us. It is all one big line of authority.

7. Adam has authority over the whole human family.

Adam has authority over all living things on the earth.

Genesis 1:28 "And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over ... every living thing that moveth upon the earth."

Adam is the ancestor (or "father") of all the world's people, and so has authority over the people as well.

Exodus 20:12 "Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee."

Adam can therefore be called a god over this world (see point 4).

8. Both "Ancient of Days and "Michael" refer to Adam.

Click here for the Bible evidence. Michael is the chief angel over this world (to be discussed later) and he ancient of days holds authority over this earth when Christ returns.

9. While in the flesh, we do not deal directly with the Almighty.

We cannot approach the Almighty directly - we can only do it in the name of Jesus.

John 14:6 6 "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."

John 1:18 18 "No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him."

Since the Bible records that many people have indeed spoken with God, we must conclude that those people were either dealing with angels representing the Almighty (see below) or in the very rare occasions when they were allowed direct access, they were transfigured in some way - their bodies were spiritually protected by the glory of God.

Do we deal directly with Jesus?

When Jesus came as a mortal to earth, he condescended to put himself below mortal men. Ordinary people could approach him directly. Soon after his resurrection, he completed his work by again dealing directly. In this period, the Holy Spirit and angels were only present occasionally. But before and after that time, Jesus works via the Comforter and via angels.

John 16:7 "It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you."

2 Corinthians 5:1, 6-7 "For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. ... Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord. For we walk by faith, not by sight."

Before Jesus comes again, the authority over this world is held by "the ancient of days."

Daniel 7 speaks of the kingdoms of this world, not heaven. The ancient of days has these kingdoms to give to Christ. Verse 13: "one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed."

While he is in heaven, Jesus left us with a church organization to carry on his work.

Ephesians 4:5, 10-12 "One Lord, one faith, one baptism ... He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ."

Occasionally, the Lord does make a personal visit, but these occasions are very rare, and the recipient has to be transfigured in order to survive the experience (see Moses chapter 1, in the Pearl of Great Price). It seems likely however, that most of the times that someone sees a vision of Jesus, it is an angel representing Jesus (see discussion below). This would explain why so many people have had that experience. For example it is common in near-death experiences to see a Christ-figure. Such visions are more common than we may think. For example, I was recently reading about the singer Bob Dylan. He saw Christ in a vision in 1978.

10. We deal directly with angels.

In following the Almighty as our ultimate example, we actually "report to" angels, or prophets (who report to angels). Michael, as archangel, is the highest of those beings that we can deal with directly (without needing divine help). Put another way, Michael is the only god with whom we deal directly.

The New Testament shows again and again that the day-to-day running of this world is down to the angels.

See Matthew 1:20; 2:13; 2:19; 4:6; 4:11; 13:39; 16:27; 24:31; 26:53; 28:2; 28:5; Mark 1:13; Luke 1:11; 1:26; 2:9; 2:13; 12:9; 15:10; 16:22; 22:43; 24:23; John 1:51; 5:4; 12:29; 20:12; Acts 5:19; 6:15; 7:30; 7:38; 7:53; 8:26; 10:3; 12:7; 12:15; 12:23; 27:23; 1 Corinthians 11:10; Galatians 3:19; 4:14; Hebrews 2:5; 12:22; 13:2; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 1:1; 1:20; 5:2; 5:11; 7:1; 7:2; 8:3-5; 8:7-13; 9:1; 9:13-15; 10:1; 10:5-9; 11:1; 11:15; 12:7-9; 14:6; 14:8-10; 14:15-19; 15:1; 15:6-8; 16:1-17; 17:1, 18:1; 19:17; 20:1; 21:9; 21:12; 22:6; 22:16

Angels will now be discussed in more detail.


To understand brigham Young's teachings regarding God, we need to understand what the Bible says about angels. These quotations are from the Elwell Evangelical Dictionary, under "Angel," "Angel of the Lord," and "Theophany."

An "angel" is just a messenger from God
"Angelos, from which 'angel' derives... may denote either a human or a heavenly 'messenger.' Yet in the NT, except in Luke 7:24; 9:52; and perhaps Rev. 1:20, it is used only for heavenly beings."

Angels carry out God's will

"They are God's messengers or ambassadors. ... They devote themselves to doing his will (Ps. 103:20) and in this activity they behold his face (Matt. 18:10). ... They also assist in God's providential ordering of affairs (Dan. 12:1). Above all they are active in the divine work of reconciliation (from Gen. 19:1-2 onward). In fulfillment of their mission they declare God's word (e.g., Luke 1:26-27) and do his work (e.g., Matt. 28:2). ... They also assist the church in its early ministry (e.g., Acts 5:19; 10:3). They will play an important part in the events of the end time (Rev. 7:1ff., etc.). Finally they will come with Christ when he returns in glory (Matt. 24:31) and separate the righteous and the wicked (Matt. 13:41, 49)."

"Heb. 1:14 describes them as 'ministering spirits' ... Elsewhere, in Job and Psalms, they figure as the "heavenly ones" (Ps. 29:1) or the "holy ones" (Job 5:1) who are set apart for God's service[.]"

"The apocryphal writings provide three more angelic names, Raphael, Uriel, and Jermiel. Tob. 12:15 calls Raphael one of the holy angels who present the prayers of the saints (cf. the seven who stand before God in Rev. 8:2-3 and the possible link between these seven and the "chief princes" of Dan. 10:13)."

This is important. Although we address our prayers directly to the Almighty (we do not pray to saints or angels), the prayers appear to be carried via angels. Put crudely, when we pray, angels are postmen and secretaries, but the Almighty makes the most important decisions and takes ultimate responsibility.

"From the various statements about the nature of angels, and Paul's use of the terms "principalities," "powers," "thrones," "dominions," and "forces," early and medieval theology evolved a complex speculative account of the angelic world. ... Some legitimate deductions may certainly be made from the biblical data. ... As compared with humans they have the advantage of being in God's immediate presence and serving as his direct messengers. They also guard the proprieties, if that is the meaning of I Cor. 11:10, and seem to play some role in or over the nations (Dan. 10)."

There is a hierarchy, with Michael at the top

"There seems to be some ordering in their ranks; some are referred to as archangels, as over against those who are referred to as simply angels (1 Thess. 4:16; Jude 9)."

"Of the angels named, Michael is called "the great prince" (Dan. 12:1) and the other angels seem to be led by him (Rev. 12:7)"

Angels can be called "gods"

"The 'gods' of Ps. 82:1, in whose midst God holds judgment, are often thought to be angels too." Note also that Psalms 8:5 says that man is a little lower than the angels," but the word "angels" should really be translated "gods."

However, we do not worship them.

"Indeed, the Bible clearly warns us not to worship them (Col. 2:18; Rev. 19:10)."

This is very important, and I will repeat it again. We pray directly to the Almighty. We worship the Almighty. We do not pray to or worship angels. We know that God does his work through intermediaries, and these inmtermediaries can be called gods, but we do not worship them.

When we read about God, sometimes it just means an angel

"A last question concerns the so-called angel of the Lord. In Judg.13:2-3 this seems to be identical with God. Many have thought, then, that in the OT at least the reference is to the preincarnate Logos. Liberals have explained it as a softening of theophany to angelophany but without showing why this does not always apply. Another possible interpretation is that God speaks so fully through the angel that he himself is virtually speaking. Certainly the "angel of the Lord" of Luke 2:9 is not Christ, but this does not in itself rule out such an equation in the OT."

"It is beyond question that the angel of the Lord must be identified in some way with God (Gen. 16:13; Judg. 6:14; 13:21-22), yet he is distinguished from God in that God refers to the angel (Exod. 23:23; 32:34), speaks to him (II Sam. 24:16; I Chr. 21:27), and the angel speaks to Yahweh (Zech. 1:12). It is best to see the angel as a self-manifestation of Yahweh in a form that would communicate his immanence and direct concern to those to whom he ministered."

"Samson's father, Judg. 13:15-22, does not know he is speaking to the angel of the Lord until after the angel disappears in the flames of the sacrifice. In many cases the one seen seems to the recipient as a normal human being and only what is said and done indicates otherwise."

"Some label the expressions "angel of the Lord" or "angel of God" as a theophanic angel. ... Various interpretations have been suggested including an appearance of God himself, an appearance of a messenger or one of God's many angels, or an appearance of the preincarnate Christ. Each interpretation has difficulties, and there is no consensus."

Are mortals ever above the angels?

Some people assume that because angels minister to men (Heb. I:14), that means men are above them. This is not logical, as Jesus himself also ministered to men, and said the greatest must always be the servant.

It is sometimes assumed that because the saints will judge angels (I Cor. 6:3), they are above angels. But this is also not logical. A mortal judge can judge a king, even though he cannot command the king. To judge someone, you simply need to know the law, and understand the person's situation. Saints can judge angels because they know what it is like to be sent by God. Beyond that, it is true that, in the eternities, men can rise above some classes of angel, but that is a specific case and not the general case.

It is sometimes assumed, based on Job 4:18; 15:15, that angels sin. However, 4:18 could refer to human representatives, and 15:15 to dead humans who were believers but still sinful.

The scriptures are clear: angels are simply the ones who carry out God's work.

Brigham's Controversial Quotations

Let's see this in context!

It might seem from this that Brigham Young spent all his time saying controversial things. Not so! Brigham was a very practical man, a leader and colonizer. He did not waste time with idle speculation or endless debate. If you add together everything Brigham ever said about Adam being a "god" you will probably only come to about half an hour's material - perhaps less. And most of that repeated the ideas I have quoted here. And that is out of a ministry that lasted thirty years!

Brigham did not waste time explaining every detail. he said what he knew, and if people did not understand, that was their problem. Let us now look at Brigham's often quoted and often misunderstood statements about Adam and God.

For a large collection of statements on this subject, see the "Mormon Fundamentalist" site at Since the fundamentalists teach an extreme interpretation of Adam as God, I figured that these probably include all the strongest statements. I have occasionally added a little more detail from the Journal of Discourses. For my own comments on fundamentalists, click here.

Joseph Smith on Revelation 1:6 and John 5:19-26

Brigham Young once referred to God having a father. This is based on Joseph Smith's commentary on Revelation 1:5-6. Of course, you could say that the Bible made a great mistake. But if the Bible makes a mistake, what are we left with? The Mormons are hated because they believe the Bible!

Revelation 1:5-6 "And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen."

Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 373; Joseph Smith; June 16, 1844.

"John discovered that God the Father of Jesus Christ had a Father (see Rev 1:6), you may suppose that He had a Father also. Where was there ever a son without a father? ... Paul says that which is earthly is in the likeness of that which is heavenly, Hence if Jesus had a Father, can we not believe that He had a Father also? I despise the idea of being scared to death at such a doctrine, for the Bible is full of it. I want you to pay particular attention to what I am saying. Jesus said that the Father wrought precisely in the same way as His Father had done before Him. [John 5:19-26] As the Father had done before? He laid down His life, and took it up the same as His Father had done before."

Brigham Young's most famous discourse on Adam and God [with comments]

J.D. 1:50-51; Friday, April 9, 1852 (Deseret News, April 17, 1852; See also Millennial Star 14:356).

"Adam ... helped to make and organize this world. He is MICHAEL, the Archangel, the ANCIENT OF DAYS! about whom holy men have written and spoken --- He is our Father and our God, and the only God with whom we have to do." [Or to be precise, the only god/angel with whom we deal directly.]

"When Adam and Eve had eaten of the forbidden fruit, their bodies became mortal from its effects, and therefore their offspring were mortal." [This is what Genesis teaches - they were immortal before eating the fruit]

"When the Virgin Mary conceived the child Jesus, the Father had begotten him in his own likeness. He was not begotten by the Holy Ghost." [Matthew and Luke only said that the Holy Ghost 'overshadowed' Mary. This is rather vague, since every Christian can also have the Holy Ghost with them. John is more direct and says Jesus was actually 'begotten' by God.]

"And who is the Father? He is the first [father] of the human family;" [Luke 3:38 - God was the father of Adam]

".. and when he took a tabernacle, it was begotten by his Father in heaven" [i.e. even God had a father - see Joseph Smith's comments on Revelation 1:6 and John 5:19]

"... after the same manner as the tabernacles of Cain, Abel, and the rest of the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve..." [he could have said 'the same as Adam,' but that would confuse those who think Adam was not created in the same way as everyone else].

"I have heard men preach upon the divinity of Christ, and exhaust all the wisdom they possessed. All Scripturalists, and approved theologians who were considered exemplary for piety and education, have undertaken to expound on this subject, in every age of the Christian era; and after they have done all, they are obliged to conclude by exclaiming "great is the mystery of godliness," and tell nothing."

"It is true that the earth was organized by three distinct characters, namely, Eloheim, Yahovah, and Michael, these three forming a quorum, as in all heavenly bodies, and in organizing element, perfectly represented in the Deity, as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." [Thus proving that Brigham did NOT teach that Adam/Michael was the Almighty. Adam/Michael was represented by the Holy Ghost, not the father. Remember - this is just a comparison. The Holy Ghost is the messenger, just as the angels like Michael are mesengers. Thus the Holy Ghost can represent Adam/Michael in this comparison.]

"Again, they [traditional theologians] will try to tell how the divinity of Jesus is joined to his humanity, and exhaust all their mental faculties, and wind up with this profound language, as describing the soul of man, "it is an immaterial substance!" What a learned idea! Jesus, our elder brother, was begotten in the flesh by the same character that was in the garden of Eden, and who is our Father in Heaven. [The Almighty was in the garden of Eden - he walked and talked with Adam. Genesis 3:8-9 suggests that God was physically there, and verse 22 speaks of the Gods - plural - speaking together. But why did Brigham say "Eden" and risk confusion with Adam? Because Eden was the last time that the Almighty spent any significant length of time on this world. Brigham simply wanted to show that the Almighty is a being who walks and talks as we do. The risk of confusion with Adam was unfortunate but unavoidable.]

"Now remember from this time forth, and forever, that Jesus Christ was not begotten by the Holy Ghost. I will repeat a little anecdote. I was in conversation with a certain learned professor upon this subject, when I replied, to this idea--'if the Son was begotten by the Holy Ghost, it would be very dangerous to baptize and confirm females, and give the Holy Ghost to them, lest he should beget children, to be palmed upon the Elders by the people, bringing the Elders into great difficulties.'" [That is the whole point of this discourse - that the Holy Ghost is a spirit, and a spirit cannot create a physical body. If it could, then every woman who has the Holy Ghost could give birth to another Christ! No, a physical body must imply physical parents.]

Brigham Young followed Christ

A lot of people heard what Brigham said and came away with soime very strange ideas. One of these people - Orson Pratt - went away and wrote a book called "The Seer." It is often quoted by anti-Mormons. It contains so many mistakes that Brigham Young condemned it publicly. But in general, Brigham did not bother to correct people. Each person was free to have their own opinion.

Why Brigham was like Christ

Brigham Young taught the Adam and God material in the 1850s, when converts were streaming in to Utah from Europe and the world. Many of them came hoping to find a new life in the west and escape economic difficulties. They did not all come for the right religious reasons.

This is like Jesus at the start of John chapter 6. He was very popular. Crowds followed him everywhere he went. So what did he do? He began to teach cannibalism! Or that was what the people thought ...

John 6: 51-68:
Jesus said "I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

"The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?

"Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. ...

"Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it? When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you? ...

"From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away? Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life."

Of course, Jesus was not really talking about cannibalism. When he gave the sacrament of bread and wine, then the disciples understood. But why didn't he say so earlier? Why did he let many of his disciples go away with very strange ideas? I suggest three reasons:

Questions and answers

Is Jesus the son of Adam?

Jesus is the son of Adam in the same way we are - he is our common ancestor. We are all sons of Adam and daughters of Eve. Jesus often called himself "the son of man"

Is Adam the father of spirits?

Yes, eventually. Adam will have spirit children some time in the future. How could it be any other way? We are to follow Christ. Christ follows the Almighty. The Almighty has spirit children. If we follow someone for eternity, and that person does not fundamentally change, then we must become more and more like them - or else stop following them.

Is Adam the father of OUR spirits?

There is no revelation that says so. Since the time of Brigham Young, no prophet has taught this. In fact, Brigham Young did not teach it either! He only suggested it as a possibility, no more than that.

Brigham was a true prophet. He followed God, to the best of his understanding.

If God said "this is true" Brigham Young said "this is true!"

If God said "this is not true" Brigham Young said "this is not true!"

If God said nothing on the matter, then Brigham Young would not take a stand either way. Hence: "Adam and Eve are the parents of all pertaining to the flesh, and I would not say that they are not also the parents of our spirits." (J.D. 7:285-290; October 9, 1859) Notice that he did not say "they are" and he did not say "they are not." He simply said "I would not say that they are not". As far as I can tell, this is the ONLY time that Brigham made such an observation, and as you can see, it is entirely innocent.

Brigham was refreshingly open minded. He was not afraid of ideas that went against tradition, no matter how strange they seemed. As it happened, this idea is probably false. But Brigham was at least willing to consider it. That was also a sign of confidence with the scriptures. All in all, even though the idea turned out to be wrong, it is a great example of how prophets are free to think for themselves.

Did Adam come to the garden of Eden as a resurrected being?

Let's see what the Bible says.

Adam was created out of the dust of the earth. But so were you and I. We had parents, so presumably Adam did as well. But where were they? Not in Eden - Adam was the first. So Adam must have been born somewhere else.

When Adam was in Eden, God breathed life into his lifeless body. So he must have been dead. He rose from the dead to be immortal, so this as a kind of resurrection. (Yes, he did die again, but only after having his body changed to allow for it. And this is not the only time that the dead were raised only to die again - Christ raised the dead on more than one occasion).

What about the teaching that other worlds had already been created and ended?

This is just a result of believing in an eternal and unchanging God. If the Almighty has existed forever (from our point of view), what has he been doing all this time? If he is unchanging, he must have been doing what he does here: creating worlds and allowing their inhabitants to follow him.

There is so much more that can be said, and so many other questions to be answered. But it is much more important to get the simple things right first.

The fact that people misunderstood Brigham Young shows that people do not read the Bible. If we don't even read the Bible, there is no point in revealing anything more. We are clearly not ready for it!


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